Recognizing Frostbite Symptoms


It’s going to be extremely cold out there over the next few days which made me want to write an article about the frostbite. This is something that affects us all, but parents and guardians should pay close attention to young children. Wear protective clothing to cover as much exposed skin as possible. Take frequent breaks to get out of the cold and warm up. It’s a nice excuse to grab some hot coffee or chocolate. Have your friends check your face occasionally for signs of frostbite because most people are unaware they are showing signs because the frozen tissues are numb. Those signs are:Recognizing Frostbite Symptoms

  • A white or grayish-yellow skin area
  • Skin that feels unusually firm or waxy
  • Numbness

I have taken the following “what to do” section directly from the CDC’s website.

What to Do

If you detect symptoms of frostbite, seek medical care. Because frostbite and hypothermia both result from exposure, first determine whether the victim also shows signs of hypothermia, as described previously. Hypothermia is a more serious medical condition and requires emergency medical assistance.

If (1) there is frostbite but no sign of hypothermia and (2) immediate medical care is not available, proceed as follows:

  • Get into a warm room as soon as possible.
  • Unless absolutely necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes—this increases the damage.
  • Immerse the affected area in warm—not hot—water (the temperature should be comfortable to the touch for unaffected parts of the body).
  • Or, warm the affected area using body heat. For example, the heat of an armpit can be used to warm frostbitten fingers.
  • Do not rub the frostbitten area with snow or massage it at all. This can cause more damage.
  • Don’t use a heating pad, heat lamp, or the heat of a stove, fireplace, or radiator for warming. Affected areas are numb and can be easily burned.

These procedures are not substitutes for proper medical care. Hypothermia is a medical emergency and frostbite should be evaluated by a health care provider. It is a good idea to take a first aid and emergency resuscitation (CPR) course to prepare for cold-weather health problems. Knowing what to do is an important part of protecting your health and the health of others.

Taking preventive action is your best defense against having to deal with extreme cold-weather conditions. By preparing your home and car in advance for winter emergencies, and by observing safety precautions during times of extremely cold weather, you can reduce the risk of weather-related health problems.

Did you know that you were allowed to tip your ski or snowboard instructor? No? Don’t worry, you are not alone.

Many clients are not sure what the protocol is regarding tipping, how to tip or what is an appropriate amount.

Here are some suggestions to help students and instructors navigate the world of tipping:

  1. A tip is not expected, but it is VERY MUCH appreciated. As in any service business, a tip is a thank you for good service.
  2. In particular, if your child is in a lesson then your instructor has been with them for most of the day, helping them out of the snow, teaching them, wiping noses, etc. Just as you know parenting is tough, so is teaching children. And it’s worth a tip.
  3. Many instructors are certified by the Professional Ski Instructors of America (PSIA), the American Association of Snowboard Instructors (AASI) or even a foreign certification body. These instructors attain and pay for this certification out of their own pocket (the resorts they work for do not pay for this). The time and cost of various certification levels can take many years, require skill, expertise and cost thousands of dollars. Again, tips are appreciated.
  4. Ski and snowboard lessons can be expensive and the tip is not included in the listed lesson price at the resort. Just like eating out at a restaurant, you should leave a tip.
  5. As a general rule, most parents tip $10-$20 per day for a children’s group lessons. Just slip the instructor the folded bill when picking up your child. Tip $5 to $10 for half day lessons.
  6. For private lessons (which are typically assigned to the most seasoned and highest certified instructors), a recommended tip is $30-50 for half day private lesson. Or $60-100 for a full day private lesson is fairly common at most resorts.
  7. If you are taking private lessons by the hour, then consider $10-$20 per hour as the tip. Some people tip more, some tip less, but everyone tips for a private lesson.
  8. At the end of the lesson, if you don’t see your child’s instructor, or don’t have cash on you, you can leave a tip at the ski and snowboard school reservation desk. No cash? No problem! You can tip with a credit card at the reservation desk.
  9. As a last option, if you’ve left the mountain already and you want to tip me you can do it right here on this website.

Hope this helps everyone understand the value of tipping. The next snow pro you take a lesson from will appreciate the tip.